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CompTIA SY0-501 Exam Actual Questions

The questions for SY0-501 were last updated at April 15, 2021.
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Question #1 Topic 1

DRAG DROP -
A security administrator wants to implement strong security on the company smart phones and terminal servers located in the data center. Drag and drop the applicable controls to each asset types.
Instructions: Controls can be used multiple times and not all placeholders need to be filled. When you have completed the simulation, please select the Done button to submit.
Select and Place:

Reveal Solution Hide Solution   Discussion   60

Correct Answer:

Question #2 Topic 1

HOTSPOT -
Select the appropriate attack from each drop down list to label the corresponding illustrated attack.
Instructions: Attacks may only be used once, and will disappear from drop down list if selected. When you have completed the simulation, please select the Done button to submit.
Hot Area:

Reveal Solution Hide Solution   Discussion   35

Correct Answer:
1: Spear phishing is an e-mail spoofing fraud attempt that targets a specific organization, seeking unauthorized access to confidential data. As with the e-mail messages used in regular phishing expeditions, spear phishing messages appear to come from a trusted source. Phishing messages usually appear to come from a large and well-known company or Web site with a broad membership base, such as eBay or PayPal. In the case of spear phishing, however, the apparent source of the e-mail is likely to be an individual within the recipient's own company and generally someone in a position of authority.
2: The Hoax in this question is designed to make people believe that the fake AV (anti- virus) software is genuine.
3: Vishing is the act of using the telephone in an attempt to scam the user into surrendering private information that will be used for identity theft. The scammer usually pretends to be a legitimate business, and fools the victim into thinking he or she will profit.
4: Phishing is the act of sending an email to a user falsely claiming to be an established legitimate enterprise in an attempt to scam the user into surrendering private information that will be used for identity theft.
Phishing email will direct the user to visit a website where they are asked to update personal information, such as a password, credit card, social security, or bank account numbers, that the legitimate organization already has. The website, however, is bogus and set up only to steal the information the user enters on the page.
5: Similar in nature to e-mail phishing, pharming seeks to obtain personal or private (usually financial related) information through domain spoofing. Rather than being spammed with malicious and mischievous e-mail requests for you to visit spoof Web sites which appear legitimate, pharming 'poisons' a DNS server by infusing false information into the DNS server, resulting in a user's request being redirected elsewhere. Your browser, however will show you are at the correct
Web site, which makes pharming a bit more serious and more difficult to detect. Phishing attempts to scam people one at a time with an e-mail while pharming allows the scammers to target large groups of people at one time through domain spoofing.
References:
http://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/definition/spear-phishing

http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/V/vishing.html

http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/P/
phishing.html

http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/P/pharming.html

Question #3 Topic 1

DRAG DROP -
You have been tasked with designing a security plan for your company. Drag and drop the appropriate security controls on the floor plan.
Instructions: All objects must be used and all place holders must be filled. Order does not matter. When you have completed the simulation, please select the
Done button to submit.
Select and Place:

Reveal Solution Hide Solution   Discussion   26

Correct Answer:
Cable locks - Adding a cable lock between a laptop and a desk prevents someone from picking it up and walking away

Proximity badge + reader -
Safe is a hardware/physical security measure
Mantrap can be used to control access to sensitive areas.
CCTV can be used as video surveillance.
Biometric reader can be used to control and prevent unauthorized access.
Locking cabinets can be used to protect backup media, documentation and other physical artefacts.

Question #4 Topic 1

Which of the following would a security specialist be able to determine upon examination of a server's certificate?

  • A. CA public key
  • B. Server private key
  • C. CSR
  • D. OID
Reveal Solution Hide Solution   Discussion   29

Correct Answer: D

Question #5 Topic 1

A security analyst is diagnosing an incident in which a system was compromised from an external IP address. The socket identified on the firewall was traced to
207.46.130.0:6666. Which of the following should the security analyst do to determine if the compromised system still has an active connection?

  • A. tracert
  • B. netstat
  • C. ping
  • D. nslookup
Reveal Solution Hide Solution   Discussion   9

Correct Answer: B

Question #6 Topic 1

Multiple organizations operating in the same vertical want to provide seamless wireless access for their employees as they visit the other organizations. Which of the following should be implemented if all the organizations use the native 802.1x client on their mobile devices?

  • A. Shibboleth
  • B. RADIUS federation
  • C. SAML
  • D. OAuth
  • E. OpenID connect
Reveal Solution Hide Solution   Discussion   8

Correct Answer: B
http://archive.oreilly.com/pub/a/wireless/2005/01/01/authentication.html

Question #7 Topic 1

Which of the following BEST describes an important security advantage yielded by implementing vendor diversity?

  • A. Sustainability
  • B. Homogeneity
  • C. Resiliency
  • D. Configurability
Reveal Solution Hide Solution   Discussion   5

Correct Answer: C

Question #8 Topic 1

In a corporation where compute utilization spikes several times a year, the Chief Information Officer (CIO) has requested a cost-effective architecture to handle the variable capacity demand. Which of the following characteristics BEST describes what the CIO has requested?

  • A. Elasticity
  • B. Scalability
  • C. High availability
  • D. Redundancy
Reveal Solution Hide Solution   Discussion   8

Correct Answer: A
Elasticity is defined as "the degree to which a system is able to adapt to workload changes by provisioning and de-provisioning resources in an autonomic manner, such that at each point in time the available resources match the current demand as closely as possible".

Question #9 Topic 1

A security engineer is configuring a system that requires the X.509 certificate information to be pasted into a form field in Base64 encoded format to import it into the system. Which of the following certificate formats should the engineer use to obtain the information in the required format?

  • A. PFX
  • B. PEM
  • C. DER
  • D. CER
Reveal Solution Hide Solution   Discussion   13

Correct Answer: B

Question #10 Topic 1

Which of the following attacks specifically impact data availability?

  • A. DDoS
  • B. Trojan
  • C. MITM
  • D. Rootkit
Reveal Solution Hide Solution   Discussion   4

Correct Answer: A
Reference: https://www.netscout.com/what-is-ddos


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