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Test Prep NCE Exam Actual Questions

The questions for NCE were last updated at June 9, 2022.
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Topic 1 - Single Topic

Question #1 Topic 1

According to Piaget's stages of moral judgment, a child younger than age ten will think which of the following is worse?

  • A. Someone who was trying to help his mother set the table and broke five dishes.
  • B. Someone who was stealing a cookie from the cookie jar when he wasn't allowed, and knocked over a cup that broke.
  • C. Someone who did not control the dog who jumped up on the table and pulled down a glass full of water, which broke.
  • D. Someone who accidentally dropped a dinner knife which could have hurt someone if they would have stepped on it.
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Correct Answer: A 🗳️
Piaget saw moral judgment broken into two age brackets: below and above age ten. Those under age ten tended to judge wrong-doings by the amount of damage caused rather than the intention behind the act. Hence, even though the person in answer A had the best intentions, he broke more dishes and, therefore, is seen as more wrong. Since the person stealing only knocked over one cup, it is not viewed as bad as breaking five dishes.

Question #2 Topic 1

How many stages are there of moral reasoning, according to Kohlberg?

  • A. Two
  • B. Six
  • C. Eight, paralleling Erikson's stages of psycho-social development
  • D. None; Kohlberg's theory is on self-actualization
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Correct Answer: B 🗳️
Kohlberg's stages have three levels (pre-conventional, conventional and post-conventional) and six stages: 1. obedience and punishment orientation 2. individualism and exchange 3. good interpersonal relationships 4. maintaining the social order 5. social contract and individual rights 6. universal principles.

Question #3 Topic 1

Which of the following is not a factor in the sleep patterns of adolescents?

  • A. Biorhythm changes
  • B. Defiance
  • C. Increased need for sleep
  • D. Increased academic and social demands
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Correct Answer: B 🗳️
Teens require more sleep than the average adult due to their rapid growth. A teen's decreased sleep patterns do not generally stem from defiant behavior. Teens have biorhythm changes, making them more likely to stay up late and sleep later. They are inundated with academic and social demands which may impair the amount or quality of their sleep.

Question #4 Topic 1

A college student viewing a situation as good or bad or right or wrong is using:

  • A. Dualistic Thinking
  • B. Pessimism
  • C. Relativistic Thinking
  • D. Erroneous Thinking
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Correct Answer: A 🗳️
Perry believed college students go through 4 stages of mental and moral development: Dualism, Multiplicity, Relativism, and Commitment. Dualistic thinking occurs in Dualism when students believe every problem is solvable and they are to learn the right answers. Relativistic thinking is the belief that every issue must be evaluated because everything is contextual.

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